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"Neologism created at the beginning of the XIII century, to designate to certain cadavers that supposedly left of their tombs to torment to the alive ones and to suck them the blood."

The power of the blood. The blood, always, it has been and it is center of our lives. She is base of many religions, from the most ancestral, where the deceased's heart is cooked and consumed by its dearer being, until the Christianity, where it bleeds and chalice, came and blood is transfigured and they offer eternal life, of there our eternal fascination for the vampires.
The vampires have accompanied ab initio to the human beings of the times. The Egyptians feared a bird "drinker of blood", to which you/they considered the executed reincarnation of an innocent one that he/she had acquired that form to attack during the nights to the children of their enemies. The anthropologists have located the origin of the vampires in the illnesses with losses of blood that the old ones attributed to diabolical beings that attacked during the night in search of the food that you/they needed to survive.
The birth of the first vampire, according to an old legend, was due to a dream that had Adam before Eva's birth. In the course of the same one, he/she wanted a feminine company intensely and he/she felt suddenly satisfied. This principle of life that could not generate another similar one, stayed in active with a superhuman force of survival. In the moment that this desperation germ found a cadaver, the first vampire arose.
In the Half Age, the figure of the vampire was already very defined. It considered it to him or a spirit of a died person or a revived cadaver that he/she returned to absorb the life of the alive ones depriving them of the blood, in order to assure their own survival. The church considered vampires "latent" to those that practiced witchcraft or any magic class; to the suicides and excommunicated (expelled of the Christianity); to the damned ones and in general to those that smashed the great variety of tabúes of the Christianity.
The belief in the vampires charged a true peak in the XVIII century in all Europe. They were called in different ways in each area of Europe. They were called nosferatu, upiers, oupieres, brucolaques, vlokoslak, vroucolacas, strigoiul, but the one that hit more fué that of vampires, coming from the Serbian vampir that means spectrum or cadaver. The newspapers published news on the appearances it has more than enough vampires, either in Poland, Holland, Russia or France. It was said that they appeared in the night and that they sucked him the blood to the alive ones. They were sometimes caskets full with blood, and to the cadaver it left him blood for the nose. Generally, when the cadaver of a presumed vampire was exhumed and it was detected that it lost blood, it was rosy, flexible and very preserved, you was before a vampire. When this happened judicial reports they got up and they burned them.
The blood is the dominant factor in the origins of the mythical vampire. It is natural that he/she takes place the death like consequence of the lack of blood, it was not illogical to think that somebody could return to the life or to prolong it drinking it. In those times, the small detail of the incompatible blood types, neither the excess of the factor Rh was not known.

--Transformation: most of the vampires have the power to become an animal that is usually a bat, rat, it claws, wolf or crow. Many vampires can still transform their body in a cloud of fog.

--Energy: another ability typically among vampires it is the energy and sharper senses.

--Domain: this it is the strangest ability in three o'clock. The ability to summon and to dominate different types of animals that mainly are the same ones that become.

--The casket: almost all the vampires have to sleep in their casket during the day. Originally the casket was made so that the animals non excarvaran up the body.

--Sunlight: almost all the vampires are very sensitive to the solar rays, many are weakened by them and it damages them, it depends on the species but it can end up killing them.

--Religious symbols: in most of the cases, the symbol is not enough to damage a vampire, so that it provides effect the payee of the symbol, just as the cross, he/she has to have faith in the symbol in that it can really damage it in another way it won't provide effect. It sometimes is not necessary that the symbol is religious.

--Any reflection: the vampires cannot be reflected in the mirrors. The reason is that since the vampires are dead, they don't have soul, consequence that you/they cannot be reflected in the mirrors. Later the belief that the vampires non aparacen in the pictures. You can kill a vampire to put it directly between two mirrors.

--It dilutes current: the vampires cannot cross the water in such operation as rivers.

According to legends, the victims of a vampire have to die, otherwise never they would end up being a vampire. These are single beliefs of different cultures.

--Animals that jump on a body: if a person has died and an animal (usually a cat) you/he/she jumps above the body, before being buried, the person can end up becoming a vampire. In Rumania, this can be treated putting an iron piece in the hand of the cadaver.

--Red hair: in the Greek mythology it was very common that redheaded people, post-mortem, became in vampires. This is for the belief that Judas Iscariot had red hair.

Other ways comunes:

--To be a witchdoctor or witch
--To be the seventh son of a seventh son
--To be bitten by a vampire
--To drink the blood of a vampire
--To be victim of a murder without retaliating
--For not receiving an own funeral
--If the cadaver is reflected in a mirror

The forms more protection comunes are the following ones:

--Garlic: you can place around the neck like protection method, it can also mix with water and to spill on places for where it can consent the vampire. The garlic is noxious to the vampires due to the extreme sensibility of its senses. Likewise, neither they would tolerate other substances of scent like the sulfur.

--Crucifixes: the crucifixes placed around the house should drive away the vampires.

--Nets: it is believed that the placement of fisherman's nets in the windows prevented the entrance of vampires distracting them because supposedly the vampire would not pass until having untied the net whole thread for thread.

--To place seeds: the vampires cannot happen without before to count all the seeds. Similar method to the previous one.

--Sharp objects: it is supposed that to the vampires they repel them the sharp objects.

--Bells: the bells sounding unceasingly frightens the vampires.

--You veil blessed: the abundance of the light and the aversion of the vampires to all the sacred one make of this a method to drive away them.

--Mirrors: the fact of it doesn't turn reflected in the mirrors it is something that confuses the vampires.

--Incense: they are attributed estates antimaléficas.